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iconWhat are Gemstones?

When you look at the fine array of brightly colored gemstone you cannot help but gasp at the sheer beauty of these stones that are nature’s gift to mankind. These vividly colored gemstones when transformed into some magnificent pieces of jewelry are indeed hard to resist. Blessed with vivid hues that are not only distinct but also distinguish one gemstone from the other, each of these fascinating stones have a unique look and appeal. So let us here talk about gemstones, their characteristics and of course their unparallel beauty.

Most gemstones are found from the pit of the Earth and are nothing but mineral compositions with varying components. Once mined, the gemstones are cleaned, treated, cut and polished after which they acquire the look we are familiar with. Interestingly there are certain gemstones that are known as precious gemstones while others are called semi precious. Although there is no scientific way of discerning the most common way of distinguishing between the two is to consider their rarity. So while diamonds, sapphires, emeralds and rubies are known as precious gemstones while others fall into the semi precious category.

The quality or worth of gemstones is determined by carefully looking into the four characteristics namely color, cut, clarity and carat also known as the four C’s. Gemstones are also graded according to these four discerning yardsticks. The GIA or Gemological Institute of America happens to be the most recognized organization in the world that grades gemstones on the basis of the qualities they possess.

There are other such bodies across the world as well like the IGI (International Gemological Institute), AGS (American Gemological Society) and EGL (European Gemological Laboratory) to name a few that also deal with gemstones and their grading. The certificate issued by these institutes holds great importance as it gives the detailed information about all the traits of the gemstone as well as its estimated value.

It is interesting to note that gemstones hardly resemble the stunning form we know them to possess when they are first mined and it is only after a long and carefully conducted procedure of cleaning and treatment that they acquire the their color. While most gemstones are heat treated there are also some softer varieties that are oil treated or treated with the use of wax that help them attain their lovely hues. The latter process includes cutting of the gemstones to give them not only a particular shape but also a shimmer that transforms them from mere rocks to dazzling and vibrant gemstones.

iconLoose Gemstones
  Sapphire
sapphire Celebrated for their inimitable royal blue hue, sapphires derive their name from the Greek word sapphieros which means blue. Sapphires belong to the same group of gemstones as rubies; Corundum. Member of this group are known for their extraordinary hardness, brilliance and fire. Given their hardness these gems are cut in a wide range of shapes and sizes. These birthstones of September are believed to be an epitome of sincerity, loyalty and truthfulness and thus they make an excellent gift for all occasions.
  Emerald
emerald Regarded as one of the most beautiful gemstones, emeralds are known for the inimitable green hue that they offer. Fine varieties of emeralds are known to command prices even higher than diamonds. Inclusions are like fingerprints of nature that are found even in the best varieties of emeralds. Emeralds are also the birthstone of May and Zodiac stone for Cancer. Emeralds are symbolic of rebirth, eternal love and are believed to bestow youth, prosperity and wisdom onto its wearer.
  Citrine
citrine Blessed with a brilliant golden hue, citrine in many cultures has long been treasured as a gift from the sun. Confused as golden topaz by many, citrine has its hundreds years of history closely interwoven with the former. The gemstone citrine gained much popularity in retro jewelry, and now again with the comeback of earthen tones is fashion, citrine is very much back in vogue. The gemstone is available in bigger sizes at affordable prices, making them an excellent choice for center stones.
  Ruby
ruby Referred to as the king of gemstones in ancient Sanskrit scriptures, since ages ruby has been considered to be the most valuable gemstone. Given the brilliant red hue that these gems offer, rubies are believed to be symbolic of power, passion and regality. The gemstone ruby belongs to the Corundum group of gems; which is known for its hardness. This excellent hardness allows the gem to be cut in numerous fancy cuts. Ruby is also the birthstone of July and zodiac stone for the Capricorn.
  Tanzanite
Loose Tanzanite, Tanzanite Gemstone Proudly called as the gemstone of the 20th century, this gemstone was only recently discovered in 1967. Tanzanite is loved for its rich violet blue hue and brilliance. This is one of the rarest of the gemstones; Tanzania being the only place in the world where these gemstones are mined. Tanzanite is cut in a number of fancy shapes, and is even available in prominent sizes. Tanzanite is also the birthstone of December and makes a great gift for all occasions.
  Diamond
ruby Celebrated for its timeless beauty, fire and brilliance; diamonds for many is a synonym for jewelry. Blessed with the superlative qualities, diamond is the hardest mineral known to man. Its excellent hardness makes it a great choice for all kinds of jewelry. Although better known for being transparent crystal like, diamonds in reality occur in a wide array of colors; yellow, black, blue and pink are to name a few. Birthstones of April, diamonds are believed to be symbolic of love, power and prosperity.